The cornea is the clear front dome shaped window of the eye. It provides about 2/3 of the eye's focusing power. It gives us a clear window to look through and is the key to good vision. Cornea can be affected in a variety of conditions such as conjunctivitis, injury, Allergy, dry eyes etc.. Cornea transplant requires specialized care even for the most basic of the diseases. BHALANETRA SUPERSPECIALITY EYE HOSPITAL has the facilities to cater to such needs. The proprietor of the hospital has vast experience in handling the various corneal related disorders. Also specialized corneal surgeons are attached to the hospital ensuring a super specialized care.

Hence the main structure responsible for the vision and also the changes done in LASIK surgery which help you get freedom from your glasses. It also helps shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful pollutants. The Corneal transplant Surgery at our center delivers medical and surgical care to a wide variety of corneal, external eye related diseases and anterior segment eye disorders.

Since it’s the shield that protects the eye, it bears the brunt of all the insults which have been put across to it. Some of the conditions which can affect the corneas are mentioned here. Bhalanetra superspeciality eye hospital caters to all your corneal problems.

cornea Bhalanetra eyecare hospital mumbai

Cornea Symptoms and Signs

  • Excessive Weeping
  • Inflammation of the Eyes
  • Unclear Vision
  • White Patch on the Lens of the Eye
  • Puffiness of the Eyelids
  • Pus, or Vision Problems
  • Sensitivity to Light
  • Feeling of something else in the Retina

Corneal dystrophy is a condition in which the genetic coding in your body has gone haywire causing the cornea (Entire or separate layers) lose their normal clarity due to abnormal shape or abnormal deposits in it. There are over 20 corneal dystrophies that affect the cornea. The visual loss may range from Mild to severe grade. Some dystrophies may lead to repeated attacks of pain because of separation of the layers and these need to be tackled earlier to decrease the symptoms as well as prevent any damage.

Corneal ectactic disorders are a group or individual conditions where the shape of the cornea changes. This could happen either due to genetic miscoding or may be the result of weakening of the cornea as sometimes happens after a miscalculated LASIK surgery. Certain conditions such as advanced keratoconus can sometimes lead to sudden decrease in the vision and severe pain when one or more layers of the cornea give away causing inflammation and water imbibition. Certain other conditions which are usually genetic in nature can cause thinning of the cornea and may require early corneal transplant to maintain the integrity of the eye.

Some of the most common corneal dystrophies include:

  • Fuchs' dystrophy
  • Lattice dystrophy
  • Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy
  • Keratoconus
  • Pellucid marginal degeneration
  • Terriens marginal degeneration

Corneal injuries may result from severe blunt trauma or any kind of penetrating injury. The aim is to restore and maintain the integrity of the globe, avoid further intraocular damage and prevent permanent corneal scarring and astigmatism. Bhalanetra superspeciality eye hospital is equipped with resources and a modular operation theatre complex for catering to the needs of such patient.

Emergency corneal tear suturing and other related injury cases shall be handled in the hospital. Corneal Transplantation is a complicated surgery and requires a high degree of expertise. Bhalanetra Superspeciality Eye Hospital provides the best of services for corneal transplantation and repair.


Cornea surgeon is the eye surgeon who deals solely in corneal diseases and its treatment. We at Bhalanetra Superspeciality Eye Hospital boast of having the best cornea surgeons in Mumbai.

The condition known as keratoconus causes the dome-shaped cornea to gradually weaken and thin. Due to the cornea's thinning, which frequently causes bulging and cone-like changes, vision may become distorted or fuzzy, and light sensitivity may also rise.

Keratoconus belongs to a larger class of eye diseases known as corneal ectasia that cause corneal thinning. Conditions that result in corneal ectasia might be inherited, develop spontaneously, or be brought on by frequently rubbing the eyes.

Bullous keratopathy is brought on by corneal edoema, which is typically brought on by Fuchs corneal endothelial dystrophy or corneal endothelial damage. Bullae filled with subepithelial fluid develop, resulting in blurred vision, loss of contrast, glare, and photophobia.

Corneal epithelial bullae and stromal edoema are visible under a slit lamp. An ophthalmologist must administer care.

It usually allows light to enter the eye since the cornea is translucent and clear. For the retina in the rear of the eye to receive images clearly, the cornea bends light. An irregularity or opacity in the cornea that may prevent the cornea from accurately focusing light is known as a corneal scar. Vision is not always impaired by eye scarring. There may be no difference in eyesight if a scar is on the cornea's outer borders. An eye scar, however, may result in a considerable loss of vision if it is located in the central cornea, over the pupil.

LASIK: An acronym for Laser-assisted In Situ Keratomileusis, is a form of refractive laser eye surgery procedure performed by cornea specialists as an alternative for people wearing glasses and contact lenses.

PRK: Photo Refractive Keratectomy is an excellent alternative to LASIK in selective cases where LASIK cannot be performed due to safety considerations as corneal thickness may be inadequate and also certain cases where the lasik flap is undesirable.

PTK: Photo therapeutic Keratectomy is an excimer laser based therapeutic surgery done for numerous conditions ranging from corneal dystrophies to recurrent corneal erosions. It not only improves vision but also brings relief from recurrent episodes of painful red eye and also helps to delay the need for cornea transplantation.

Other Corneal surgical procedures which are done at the hospital are:

  • Amniotic Membrane Transplantation
  • Pterygium surgeries.
  • Limbal Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Corneal perforation repair with anterior segment reconstruction
  • Corneal biopsy

Disclaimer: The services mentioned and Photographs used are for representational and education purpose. The actual procedure & Result may vary from patient to patient. For more details on the topics and treatment plan, please consult with our experts at Bhalanetra Superspeciality Eye Hospital to know more.